Alexander The Great ( of Macedon )

We do know that this personality has no connection to the modern Slavic Macedonians. The only reason it appears as a personality of this country is because of the various theories claiming that the ancient Macedonians were a different kind of tribe, that were eventually Hellenized by ancient Greeks.

Alexander The Great ( of Macedon ) was one of the first great strategists and military leader in history. He was king of the Ancient Kingdom of Macedon between 336-323 BC and his conquests made the macedonians rule over a large empire stretching from Greece to Egypt into northwest India and modern-day Pakistan. He was undefeated in battle, thing which made him one of the best military commanders of all time.

Alexander III of Macedon was the son of Philip II of Macedon and Olympia. He was born in 356 BC in the same night that the Temple of Artemis from Ephesus was set on fire. Philip II was a very sever father and offered Alexander a spartan education, some saying one day he threw Alexander in a pit full of lions. Alexander’s mother, Olympia was of greek origins, daughter of king Neoptolemus I of Epirus and she was very interested in the occult, having at the same time dynastic ambitions. When Alexander reached the age of 13, his father, Philip, decided to bring him a tutor in order to give him a superior education and that tutor was the one and only Aristotle. The young boy gained from Aristotle a lot of knowledge in various fields, such as: mathematics, philosophy, astronomy, arts, biology, geography and politics. In historical sources it is mentioned that the young prince managed to tame a stallion with black mane, of Greek provenance sold to the king by a Greek trader, that not even the best generals of his father’s army, nor the king himself could ride it. He named the horse Bucephalus. Alexander was very good looking, having lots of feminine traits, exactly the opposite of his father. Alexander The Great was also friend with the philosopher Diogenes from Sinope and once he visited him and asked: “I, Alexander, king of the world, what can I offer you ?” and Diogenes answered him: “You can’t give me what you take from me, get out of the sun’s light”. After this memorable answer, Alexander said to him that if he wasn’t condemned to conquer the world, he would’ve wanted to be like Diogenes, a free man.”.

Alexander The Great was asked by his father in 340 BC to join him and his army to the siege of Perinthus to teach him the art of war. After that, he becomes regent of Pella, defeats the rebellion of the Moesi who were living in the north of Macedonia and names the city where he obtained victory, Alexandropolis. He defeats them in 339 BC and in 338 BC he joins his father in the battle of Chaeronea where he commands the left wing of the macedonian army and gains victory against the alliance between Athens and Thebes. In the meantime, Alexander gets married to a noble woman named Eurydice in 337 BC and then Philip renegates Alexander as his son and heir, their relations get colder. In 336 BC, Philip II of Macedon is assassinated in an amphiteater at Aegae by Pausanias, the captain of his guards. Alexander was proclaimed king of Macedonia by the army and most of the nobles at the age of 20. His mother oreders the killing of her nephews in order to secure Alexander’s throne and forces his wife to kill herself.

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