Charles Dickens


He created some of the world’s best known fictional characters and is regarded as the greatest novelist of the Victorian era. His works enjoyed unprecedented popularity during his lifetime, and by the 20th century critics and scholars had recognised him as a literary genius. His novels and short stories enjoy lasting popularity.

Charles Dickens was an English writer, representative of the realism of the 19th century, known for works such as “Great Expectations”, “The Adventures of Oliver Twist”, “David Copperfield”, “Martin Chuzzlewit”, “Dombey and Son”, “Hard Times”, “Booth Junk”, “The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club”, “Nicholas Nickleby”, “Barnaby Rudge”, “A Tale of two cities”. He was born in Portsmouth, Hampshire, son of John and Elizabeth Dickens. In 1817 his family moved to Chatham, Kent, and in 1822 they moved to the new district of Camden Town, London. The first years of his life were some very happy, spending his spare time reading the adventure novels of Henry Fielding and Tobias Smollett. His family belonged to the middle nobility and assured his education at a private school, but everything would change after his father lost a large sum of money in amusement and striving to maintain his social position, led to its family being sent in the debtors’ prison.

At the age of 12, Dickens became mature enough to work ten hours a day in a blacking factory of Warren. The Dickens family gets out of the poor’s prison, but the mother leaves Charles to continue working in the blacking factory. Dickens never and will never forgive this resentment, and the plight of the middle class in which he has lived part of his childhood will become major themes of his work. He would later tell his biographer: “No tip, no permit, no encouragement, no consolation, no support from anyone to remember that, so help me God!”.

His first story was published in the Monthly Magazine in 1833 under the pseudonym Boz. In 1842, while visiting the United States, he criminalized slavery. He invested some of its copyright in a new radical newspaper, the Daily News.

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