Enver Hoxha

Enver Hoxha - Albanian history

Enver Hoxha was the leader of Albania since the ending of WWII until his death in 1985. His official position was as first secretary of the Albanian Communist Labour Party but he also occupied the position of foreign secretary between 1946-1953. Hoxha’s regime was characterized by the country’s isolation from the rest of Europe and self-declared affiliation to the marxist-leninist ideals, the often use of the death penalty and imprisonment of political opponents. The country’s image was seen during his reign as a semi-feudal state who developed itself to an industrialized country.

Enver Hoxha was born in the city of Gjirokastër in the south of Albania to a muslim trader, Halil Hoxha and to his wife Gjylihan Hoxha. The 1st political influences are coming from his uncle, Hysen Hoxha, who wanted Albania’s independence at any cost. At the age of 16, Hoxha becomes the founder and secretary of the Students Society in his native city. After the society is closed by the government he moves to the city of Korçë where he learns french literature, history and philosophy at a french highschool. It is rumoured that in this place he reads for the 1st time the Communist Manifesto.

Between 1930-1934 he studies natural sciences in France at the Montpellier University but he quits and leaves for Paris. He starts studying again at the Sorbona University and is attracted by the marxist ideologies that were spreading around in the french capital. He collaborates with the L’Humanite newspaper writing articles under the name Lulo Malëssori and gets involved in the albanian communist group. Enver drops university once again and becomes secretary at the albanian consulate in Brusseles. He returns to Albania where he becomes a teacher in Korçë before founding the Albanian Communist Party in 1941.

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