Fan Noli

Fan Noli - Albanian personalities

Fan Noli was the founder of the Albanian Orthodox Church, serving as prime-minister and regent of Albania during the June revolution in 1924. He was also a writer, scholar, diplomat, historian and orator.

His birth name was Theofanis Stylianos Mavromatis and he was of greek origins. During his life he traveled to many countries such as Greece, Egypt, Russia, United States of America and learned many foreign languages ( english, greek, french, turkish, arabic ). He earned his degrees at Harvard in 1912, at the New England Conservatory of Music in 1938 and his PhD at Boston University in 1945. Fan helped the country during the 1912 declaration of independence. He supported the reunification of Albania after WWI and was supported by American president Woodrow Wilson. After he was overthrown by Ahmet Zogu he was exiled in Italy and later settled in the US where he continued his life as an academician, writer and religious leader.

Fan Noli tried to establish ties with Enver Hoxha’s communist regime but as the US refused to recognise the communist regime in Albania and Hoxha persecuting all religions, Noli failed to maintain the ties with the Orthodox hierarchy in Albania. He translated a lot of worlds masterpieces in terms of literature from english to albanian, including a translation of the New Testament. He made a lot of publications on Shakespeare, Beethoven and Skënderbeu. Fan also composed Albania’s national anthem “Hymni i Flamurit”.

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