GjorčePetrov

GjorčePetrov was the representative of the Foreign Committee of the BMARC/IMARO in Sofia in 1897-1901. He did not approve of the ultimately outbreak of the Uprising on Ilinden, which happened on the 2nd of August 1903, but he participated by leading a squad. After the unsuccessful uprising, Petrov continued his participation in the IMARO. The failure of the Uprising reignited the rivalries between the varying factions of the Macedonian revolutionary movement. The left-wing faction including Petrov, opposed Bulgarian nationalism but the Centralist’s faction of the IMARO drifted more and more towards it. Petrov was again included in the Emigrant representation in Sofia in 1905-1908. After the Young Turks Revolution from 1908, Petrov together with writer Anton Strashimirov edited the “KulturnoEdinstvo” magazine, published in Thessaloniki. In 1911 a new Central Committee of IMARO was formed and the Centralists faction gained full control over the Organization.

During the Balkan wars, GjorčePetrov was a volunteer in the 5th company of Macedonian-Adrianopolitan Volunteer Corps. He was the President of the the Regular Regional Committee in Bitola for some time during the First World War and  of the Bulgarian administration in Vardar Macedonia. Afterwards he became mayor of Drama. At the end of the war he was one of the initiators of the formation of a new leftist organization called “Provisional representation of the former United Internal Revolutionary Organization” and this government set a task of defending the positions of the Bulgarians in Macedonia at the Paris Peace Conference (1919–1920).    He kept close ties with the new government of Bulgarian Agrarian National Union (BANU), especially with minister AleksandarDimitrov and some other prominent Agrarian leaders.

BANU rejected territorial expansion and aimed at forming a Balkan federation of agrarian states, a policy which began with a détente with Yugoslavia. As a result, Petrov became a Chief of the Bulgarian Refugees Agency by the Ministry of Internal Affairs, thus incurring IMRO Centralist faction leaders hatred upon himself. He was eventually killed by an IMRO-assassin in June 1921 in Sofia. The assassination of GjorčePetrov complicated relations between IMRO and Bulgarian government and produced significant dissensions in the Macedonian movement.

To honor his name a suburb of Skopje was named GjorčePetrov or usually shortly referred only as Gjorče. The suburb is one of the ten municipalities of Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia.

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