Jeanne d’Arc

Jeanne d'Arc

Nicknamed “The Maid of Orléans” (La Pucelled’Orléans), is considered a heroine of France for her role during the Lancastrian phase of the Hundred Years’ War, and was canonized as a Roman Catholic saint. Joan of Arc was born to Jacques d’Arc and Isabelle Romée, a peasant family, at Domrémy in north-east France. Joan said she received visions of the Archangel Michael, Saint Margaret, and Saint Catherine of Alexandria instructing her to support Charles VII and recover France from English domination late in the Hundred Years’ War. The uncrowned King Charles VII sent Joan to the siege of Orléans as part of a relief mission. She gained prominence after the siege was lifted only nine days later. Several additional swift victories led to Charles VII’s coronation at Reims. This long awaited event boosted French morale and paved the way for the final French victory.

Dauphin orders to prove that the judges were unfair and that the English wanted her death. The girl’s innocence was very important for its legitimacy as a sovereign. The sentence was annulled in 1456 and Joan of Arc was rehabilitated. But her rehabilitation was limited. Nobody, neither the court nor the church were not willing at that time to declare her sanctification. Jeanne D’Arc was beatified only in 1905 in order to strengthen the Catholic Party, when the French Republic was preparing to vote for the separation of the church from the state. Jeanne is canonized in 1921, when France was led by a power of the right wing.

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