Discover some other popular persons who live / lived in Germany.
His body of work includes epic and lyric poetry written in a variety of metres and styles, prose and verse dramas; memoirs and an autobiography, as well as literary and aesthetic criticism, treatises on botany, anatomy, and colour, and four novels. In addition, numerous literary and scientific fragments, more than 10.000 letters, and nearly 3.000 drawings by him exist. A literary celebrity by the age of 25, Goethe was ennobled by the Duke of Saxe-Weimar, Karl August in 1782 after first taking up residence there in November 1775 following the success of his first novel, “The Sorrows of Young Werther”.
From 1756 until 1758 he visited a public school. An instrumental role in Lutheran religious education included the reading of the Bible and Sunday service of the church. Goethe received a good education, studying art, music, fencing, horseback riding, German and universal literature, ancient and modern languages. Like ancient Greek, Latin, Hebrew, Italian, French and English. He had his first doubt in faith in 1755 during the earthquake in Lisbon, where: God has punished the innocent the same way as those guilty and hasn’t proven a fatherly attitude.
Goethe began an early love of literature, which he could find in his father’s vast library. He was fascinated by theater, for in his parental home, a puppet theater was giving an annually representation. During the occupation of Frankfurt by the French troops, he was often visiting the French Theatre. In 1763, he attended at a concert of young Mozart, who was only 7 years old by then. In 1765, he began to study law at the University of Leipzig, but he wasn’t too excited, but he finishes it in 1768.
Young Goethe enjoyed the freedom of life away from his parental home. He used to visit the Theatre or spend his evenings with friends at a beer house. In this period, Goethe had his first sentimental disillusionment in the love shared by Anna Katharina Schönkopf, that after two years, is jointly disbanded. This event he included in the comedy “Die Mitschuldigen”, written on his return home. He spent a year and a half recovering from the emotional disillusionment, when a friend of his mother, Susanne von Klettenberg, told him about Herrnhuter Brüdergemeine’s concept, a branch of the Protestant Church, and thus, Goethe began to deal with mysticism, alchemy and soul-searching.
In 1823, Goethe becomes ill of inflammation of the heart’s pericardium. After he recovered, he became more spiritual than before. In Karlsbad, old Goethe met young 19 years old, Ulrike von Levetzow, to which he proposes to her. But she rejects him, for which Goethe writes on his way home with disappointment the “Marienbader Elegy” (Elegy of Marienbad). With his last powers, he resumed work on the second part of Faust. He didn’t wrote anything, just dictated, thereby solving the correspondence and confessing his problems in long discussions to poet Johann Peter Eckermann, to whom he wrote.
During National Socialism, the Nazis didn’t talk much about Goethe. Goethe’s humanism, cosmopolitanism and his ideas of a man ideal educated by himself and completely independent didn’t fit with the Nazi ideology. Alfred Rosenberg, declared in his 1930 book “Der Mythus des 20. Jahrhunderts” (The Myth of the 20th century), that Goethe couldn’t have been helpful for the period of fierce battle because he was a character who hated violence both in life and in lyrics.
In 1830, his son, August, dies in Rome. In the same year, he concluded his work on the second part of Faust. This was a work that he wrote in many years and became his most successful one. Formally, it was a piece for the stage, but actually it was barely able to play on it.Goethe tried to mix poetry with natural sciences, philosophy and politics. Practical activities and his encounters with other people are reflected in his poetic and literary works. His works of poetry were always based on concrete happenings. Goethe was fascinated by Kant’s epistemology theory.
Discover some other popular persons who live / lived in Germany.
He is best known for his 1818 work “The World as Will and Representation”, in which he characterizes the phenomenal world as the product of a blind, insatiable, and malignant metaphysical will. Proceeding from the transcendental idealism of Immanuel Kant, Schopenhauer developed an atheistic metaphysical and ethical system that has been described as an exemplary […]
Was a German industrialist, spy, and member of the Nazi Party who is credited with saving the lives of 1.200 Jews during the Holocaust by employing them in his enamelware and ammunitions factories, which were located in occupied Poland and the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. He is the subject of the 1982 novel Schindler’s […]
Was a German philosopher, cultural critic, poet, and Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history. later in his philosophical thinking. He studied philosophy at the University of Leipzig. Arthur Schopenhauer’s book, “Welt als Wille und Vorstellung” (“The World as Will and Representation”) will be […]
Was a German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party, Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and Führer (“leader”) of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. As dictator of Nazi Germany, he initiated World War II in Europe with the invasion of Poland in September 1939 and was a central figure of […]
He developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics). Einstein’s work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science. Einstein is best known in popular culture for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2 (which has been dubbed “the world’s most famous equation”). […]
Was a conservative Prussian statesman who dominated German and European affairs from the 1860’s until 1890. In the 1860’s he engineered a series of wars that unified the German states, significantly and deliberately excluding Austria, into a powerful German Empire under Prussian leadership. Bismarck was born in Schönhausen, Kingdom of Prussia. His father, Ferdinand von […]
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