Mother Teresa

She lived in Macedonia for about 18 years before moving to Ireland and then to India where she lived for most of her life. Mother Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity in India in 1950, a roman-catholic religious congregation who runs hospicies, orphanages, schools and homes for people who are suffering from various diseases. The members must vow for a life of chastity, poverty and obedience.

On the 7th of October 1950, Mother Teresa received the Vatican’s permission to start the diocesan congregation “Missionaries of Charity”. With the help of the indian officials she converted an abandoned Hindu temple to the Kalighat Home for the dying ( a free hospice for the poor ). In 1955 she opened “The Children’s Home of the Immaculate Heart” as a haven for orphans and homeless youth. Mother Teresa opened houses for orphans, leper houses and others in various countries across the world such as Venezuela ( 1st one outside India ), Italy, Tanzania, Austria and others. She said “”By blood, I am Albanian. By citizenship, an Indian. By faith, I am a Catholic nun. As to my calling, I belong to the world. As to my heart, I belong entirely to the Heart of Jesus.”

In 1979 she received the Nobel Prize for Peace and later she received the title of doctor of divinity honoris causa from the University of Serampore. During the 1982 Siege of Beirut she rescued 37 children and temporary stopped the conflict between Israeli and Palestinian forces. Mother Teresa was strongly against abortion and divorce and helped a lot of persons in various countries such as Ethiopia during the hunger, Ukraine during the Chernobyl nuclear disaster, providing help to the radiated victims and she also helped the victims of the earthquake from Armenia. In 1991 Mother Teresa returned for the 1st time in her native country and opened a Missionaries of Charity Brothers in Tirana, Albania. By 1996 she was operating 517 missions in over 100 countries.

Mother Teresa died on the 5th of September 1997 after some health problems including 2 heart attacks, 1st while visiting Pope John Paul II in 1983 in Rome and the 2nd in 1989 when she received an artificial pacemaker. In 1991 she suffered from pneumonia in Mexico and after she battled malaria. She stepped down as head of Missionaries of Charity on 13 March 1997. She was fluent in 5 different languages: bengali, albanian, serbian, english and hindi. By the time of her death, the Missionaries of Charity had over 4.000 sisters operating 610 missions in 123 countries.

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