Nikola Gruevski

He is the leader of the VMRO-DPMNE party since May 2003 and was prime-minister of the Republic of Macedonia from 27 August 2006 to 18 January 2016. He also was Minister of Finance in the VMRO-DPMNE government led by LjubčoGeorgievski until September 2002.

Under LjubčoGeorgievski’s government, the Macedonian telephone company was sold to a hungaryan one, Matav while the OKTA oil refinery was sold to Hellenic Petroleum. Gruevski implemented financial reforms, including the reform of the payment system and the value added tax of 18%, requiring fiscal receipts for all Macedonian businesses, which was a program designed to fight tax evasion.

After the defeat of his party in the 2002 parliamentary elections, a period of internal fightings within the party followed. Gruevski emerged as the pro-EU leader, and he was elected as leader of the party after LjubčoGeorgievski left the position. The former prime minister set up his own party, but VMRO-DPMNE retained most of the party’s supporters.

VMRO-DPMNE won the parliamentary elections in 2006 and on the 25th of August he formed the new goverment with many of the ministers having less than 40 years old. In June 2007 he participated at a meeting in Tirana, Albania together with American President, George W. Bush, Albania’s prime-minister SaliBerisha and the Croatian prime-minister, Ivo Sanader. On the 1st of June 2008, the coalition led by his party has once again won the parliamentary elections. They won more than half of the place in the Parliament. The electoral process was marked by violent incidents and fraud allegations made by the albanian dominant municipalities. On 6 January 2012, Gruevski opened the triumphal arch “Porta Macedonia” in Skopje as a monument to 20th anniversary of Macedonian independence, and admitted that he personally has been the instigator of the Skopje 2014 project.

In May 2015, protests occurred in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia, against the incumbent Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski and his government. Protests began following charges being brought up against Zoran Zaev, the opposition leader, who responded by alleging that Gruevski had 20.000 Macedonian officials and other figures wiretapped, and covered up the murder of a young man by a police officer in 2011. A major protest occurred on May 5, seeing violent clashes between activists and police, with injuries on both sides. In the days afterward, the opposition claimed that more anti-government actions will occur, which they did later that month.

Recognitions

  • 2014: Order St. Nicholas – Highest Award of Štip
  • 2015: Order Baptist (Preteca) from Saint Jovan Bigorski Monastery

Award

  • Vienna Economic Forum Award – for contribution to national and regional economic development (2011)

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