Queen Elizabeth II

Elizabeth Queen

She is also Queen of 12 countries that have become independent since her accession: Jamaica, Barbados, the Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Belize, Antigua and Barbuda, and Saint Kitts and Nevis.

At birth, Elizabeth was the third in line to the British throne, after her uncle, Prince of Wales, who became King Edward VIII, and her father. When her father became king in 1936, after the abdication of Edward VIII, Elizabeth became heir to the throne and received the title of “Her Royal Highness Princess Elizabeth”. Elizabeth was thirteen years old when the Second World War started, and she and her younger sister, Princess Margaret, were taken to Windsor Castle in Berkshire. Some have proposed that the princesses would be taken to Canada, at theHatley Castle, but their mother said: “The children will not go without me. I do not forsake the king. And the King will never leave. ” At the age of 13 years old, Elizabeth met her future husband, Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark. She had a crush on him and began to write, for a long time, while he was in the Royal Navy.

In 1945, at the age of 18 years old, Princess Elizabeth convinced her father that she should be allowed to contribute directly to the war effort. She joined the “Women’s Auxiliary Territorial Service”, no. 230.873, and was trained as a driver. In the summer of 1946, Prince Philip asked to marry Elizabeth. They married on 20 November 1947.

Despite her advanced age, Elizabeth said that she does not intend to abdicate,  though as more and more of her public duties will be taken over by Prince Charles. The Queen celebrated her Diamond Jubilee in 2012, marking 60 years of reign. Elizabeth became the longest British chief, surpassing Richard Cromwell, on 29 January 2012 at the age of 85 years. Also, on 9 September 2015 at the age of 89, she became the British monarch with the longest reign, going beyond Queen Victoria, who reigned 63 years and 216 days.

Queen Elizabeth opened the Summer Olympic Games in London on 27 July 2012 and on the Paralympics on 29 August. Her father, George VI opened the Olympic Games in London in 1948, and her grandfather, Edward VII, those in London in 1908. Also, Elizabeth has opened the Olympic Games in Montreal 1976, and Prince Philip in Melbourne 1956. In 2016, when the queen turned 90 years, a large scale street party was organized where over 10.000 people attended.

Other personalities

Discover some other popular persons who live / lived in England.

Jane Austen

She is known principally for her five major novels which interpret, critique and comment upon the life of the British landed gentry at the end of the 18th century. Her most highly praised novel during her own lifetime was Pride and Prejudice which was her second published novel. Her plots often reflect upon the dependence […]

Chaplin

Charlie Chaplin

Chaplin became a worldwide icon through his screen persona “The Tramp” and is considered one of the most important figures in the history of the film industry. His career spanned more than 75 years, from childhood in the Victorian era until a year before his death in 1977, and encompassed both adulation and controversy.Famous for […]

Margaret Thatcher

Margaret Thatcher

She was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and the Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990. She was the longest serving British Prime Minister of the 20th century and is currently the only woman to have held the office. A Soviet journalist dubbed her the “Iron Lady”, […]

Dickens

Charles Dickens

He created some of the world’s best known fictional characters and is regarded as the greatest novelist of the Victorian era. His works enjoyed unprecedented popularity during his lifetime, and by the 20th century critics and scholars had recognised him as a literary genius. His novels and short stories enjoy lasting popularity. Charles Dickens was […]

Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin

He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors, and in a joint publication with Alfred Russel Wallace introduced his scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial […]

Winston Churchill

He was a British statesman who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. Churchill was also an officer in the British Army, a historian, a writer and an artist. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature, and was the first person to be made […]

By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. more information

The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this.

Close