Discover some other popular persons who live / lived in China.
Was a Chinese general, military strategist, and philosopher who lived in the Spring and Autumn period of ancient China. Sun Tzu is traditionally credited as the author of “The Art of War”, a widely influential work of military strategy that has affected both Western and Eastern philosophy. Aside from his legacy as the author of “The Art of War”, Sun Tzu is revered in Chinese and the Culture of Asia as a legendary historical figure. His birth name was Sun Wu, and he was known outside of his family by his courtesy name Changqing. The name Sun Tzu by which he is best known in the West is an honorific which means “Master Sun”.
Historians have questioned about whether or not Sun Tzu was a Chinese traditional character. The Chinese traditional writings mention that he was a Chinese general of King Wu and lived between 544 and 496 BC. According to the traditional writings, Sun Tzu was born in Qi and became King’s Wu General. His victories inspired him to write “The Art of War”. The period in which he lived was a period of wars between 7 nations: Zhao, Qi, Qin, Chu, Han, Wei and Yan, all of which were seeking to control China. A legend tells us that King Wu tested Sun Tzu by ordering him to train a harem of 180 concubines and turn them into soldiers.
Sun Tzu divided the concubines into 2 companies, naming the two favourite concubines of the Emperor as commanders. When Sun Tzu gave the first order, the two concubines began to laugh. Sun Tzu said that in this case, the General is responsible to ensure that the soldiers understand the given orders. He gave the order once again and the concubines began to laugh once more. Then, Sun Tzu ordered the execution of the Emperor’s two favorite concubines. After both concubines were executed, other officers were selected to replace them, after which both companies have executed the given orders without problems.
“The Art of War” had the original name of “Sun Tzu Ping Fa”. In the book, there is described the philosophy of war, the management of conflicts and last, but not the least, how to win battles. The book includes not only the original writings of the first author, but it also contains the clarifications of Li Quan and Du Mu’s military philosophy. “The Art of War” is a masterpiece of military strategy and was frequently cited by generals and academics from all the world since its publication. The book is not only popular among generals and academics, but is very appreciated by politicians and business people as well. In spite of the title, “The Art of War” unveils planning strategies in public administration as well. In the text, there are explained military strategies, but also diplomatic strategies and the relations with other states.
“The Art of War” has influenced many notable people in history. The historical writings mention that the first emperor of unified China, Qi Shin Huang considered the book as invaluable. The book arrived in Japan in 760, and became very popular among the Japanese Generals. Historians claim that even Napoleon studied Sun Tzu’s book. Chinese communist leader, Mao Zedong credited his victory over Chiang Kai-Shek in 1949 to “The Art of War” book. During the Gulf War of 1990 General Norm Schwarzkopf Jr. and General Colin Powell applied the principles of Sun Tzu.
Daoist rhetoric is a component incorporated in “The Art of War”. According to Steven C. Combs in “Sun Tzu and the Art of War: The Rhetoric of Parsimony”, warfare is “used as a metaphor for rhetoric, and that both are philosophically based arts.” Combs wrote “Warfare is analogous to persuasion, as a battle for hearts and minds.” The application of “The Art of War” strategies throughout history is attributed to its philosophical rhetoric. Daoism is the central principle in “The Art of War”. Combs compared the ancient Daoist Chinese to the traditional Aristotelian rhetoric, notably for the differences in persuasion. Daoist rhetoric in the art of war warfare strategies is described as “peaceful and passive, favoring silence over speech”. This form of communication is parsimonious. Parsimonious behavior, which is highly emphasized in “The Art of War” as avoiding confrontation and being spiritual in nature, shapes basic principles in Daoism.
Discover some other popular persons who live / lived in China.
Is a Chinese former professional tennis player, who achieved a career-high ranking of world No. 2 on the WTA Tour on 17 February 2014. Over the course of her career, Li won nine WTA singles titles, including two Grand Slam singles titles at the 2011 French Open and 2014 Australian Open. Li’s rise to prominence […]
Also known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary and founding father of the People’s Republic of China, which he ruled as an autocrat styled the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949, until his death in 1976. His Marxist-Leninist theories, military strategies, and political policies are collectively known […]
Was an ancient Chinese philosopher and writer. He is known as the reputed author of the “Tao Te Ching” and the founder of philosophical Taoism, and as a deity in religious Taoism and traditional Chinese religions. Although a legendary figure, he is usually dated to around the 6th century BC and reckoned a contemporary of […]
By his official name Li Lianje, is a Chinese film actor, film producer, martial artist, and retired Wushu champion. He is a naturalized Singaporean citizen. After three years of intensive training with Wu Bin, Li won his first national championship for the Beijing Wushu Team. After retiring from Wushu at the age of 19, he […]
He was the paramount leader of China from 1978 until his retirement in 1989. After Chairman Mao Zedong’s death, Deng led his country through far-reaching market-economy reforms. While Deng never held office as the head of state, head of government or General Secretary (that is, the leader of the Communist Party), he nonetheless was considered […]
The shortened for of Jetsun Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso, born as Lhamo Thondup, is the current Dalai Lama. Dalai Lamas are important monks of the Gelug school, the newest school of Tibetan Buddhism, which is nominally headed by the Ganden Tripas. From the time of the 5th Dalai Lama to 1959, the central […]
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