Victor Marie Hugo

Victor Hugo

Was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement. He is considered one of the greatest and best known French writers. In France, Hugo’s literary fame comes first from his poetry and then from his novels and his dramatic achievements. Among many volumes of poetry, Les Contemplations and La Légende des siècles stand particularly high in critical esteem. Outside France, his best known works are the novels Les Misérables, 1862, and Notre-Dame de Paris, 1831 (known in English as The Hunchback of Notre-Dame).

In adolescence he wrote poetry and translated the works of Virgil. In 1818, he took courses in law, but all his energy was directed towards literature.Encouraged by Lamartine, Victor Hugo has decided to create a career in the literary field. During this period, Hugo made some concessions to the classical style, but he was passionate about the dispute that vibrated at that time in the literary sphere, between the partisans of the old canons and those who where supporting the romantic modernity.

In adolescence he wrote poetry and translated the works of Virgil. In 1818, he took courses in law, but all his energy was directed towards literature.Encouraged by Lamartine, Victor Hugo has decided to create a career in the literary field. During this period, Hugo made some concessions to the classical style, but he was passionate about the dispute that vibrated at that time in the literary sphere, between the partisans of the old canons and those who where supporting the romantic modernity.

In his old age, Hugo became a veritable institution, the living embodiment of art and of the French national spirit. On 22 May 1885, Victor Hugo died and the French government took the decision to organize for him a national funeral. His funeral was attended by more than two million people who have admired and wanted to accompany him on his last journey. He was buried in the Pantheon in Paris. In 1902, at the centenary year of the birth of Victor Hugo, it was founded a museum bearing the writer’s name, following a significant donation made by Paul Meurice to the city of Paris.

No other figure has dominated so categorical the period, the nation, literature, and has not risen to the subsequent value judgments as much as Victor Hugo. An uncontestable leader of the French Romanticism, Hugo exercised influence in all existing genres: poetry, drama, fiction, literary criticism, political essays and religious writings.More of a phenomenon and a force than a literary conventional figure, Victor Hugo, throughout his life, embodied the history and the spirit of France in most of the 19th century, although at certain times of his life and immediately after his death, there were some tendencies to underestimate his genius.

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